Prime Minister: David Cameron
The Prime Minister is an MP and head of the government. The leader of the party elected to govern the country in a general election automatically becomes Prime Minister (unless a coalition government is formed). The current Prime Minister is David Cameron, leader of the Conservative Party.
The Prime Minister answers questions every Wednesday in the House of Commons from midday to 12.30pm. Questions can come from any MP and on any subject.
Deputy Prime Minister: Nick Clegg
The office of the Deputy Prime Minister is not a permanent position, existing only at the discretion of the Prime Minister, who may appoint to other offices – such as First Secretary of State – to give seniority to a particular Cabinet Minister. The current Deputy Prime Minister is Nick Clegg, who was also appointed Lord President of the Council along with special responsibility for constitutional and political reform.
Foreign Secretary: William Hague
The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, also known as the Foreign Secretary, is a member of the Cabinet and is in charge of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The FCO is the Government department responsible for conducting British foreign policy, handling diplomatic relations with all independent foreign and Commonwealth countries and administering the UK’s Dependent Territories.
Chancellor: George Osborne
The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister who is responsible for all economic and financial matters. Often simply called the Chancellor, the office-holder controls HM Treasury and plays a role akin to the posts of Minister of Finance or Secretary of the Treasury in other nations. The position is considered one of the four Great Offices of State and in recent times has come to be the most powerful office in British politics after the Prime Minister. It is the only office of the four Great Offices not to have been occupied by a woman.
Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equality: Theresa May
She has overall responsibility for all Home Office business including security and terrorism, the legislative programme and expenditure issues.
Defence Secretary: Philip Hammond
The Defence Secretary, is the senior Government of the United Kingdom minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence chairing the Defence Council. It is a Cabinet position. The position was created in 1964 as successor to the posts of Minister for Coordination of Defence (1936–1940) and Minister of Defence (1940–1964). The position established in 1936 to oversee and co-ordinate the rearmament of Britain’s defences.
Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State and Justice: Ken Clarke
The Lord Chancellor is a member of the Cabinet and, by law, is responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts. The current Lord Chancellor is Ken Clarke, who, as with his predecessor Jack Straw, is also Secretary of State and Justice. Clarke holds the position, as did Straw, while serving as a Member of Parliament in the House of Commons.
One of the Lord Chancellor’s responsibilities is to act as the custodian of the Great Seal. A Lord Keeper of the Seal may be appointed instead of a Lord Chancellor. The two offices entail exactly the same duties; the only distinction is in the mode of appointment. Furthermore, the office of Lord Chancellor may be exercised by a committee of individuals known as “Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal”, usually when there is a delay between an outgoing Chancellor and his replacement. The seal is then said to be “in commission”. Since the 19th century, however, only Lord Chancellors have been appointed, the other offices having fallen into disuse.
Health Secretary: Andrew Lansley
Secretary of State for Health is a UK Cabinet Position responsible for the Department of Health. Since devolution in 1999, the position holder’s responsibility for the health service is mainly restricted to England.
Education Secretary: Michael Gove
The Secretary of State for Education (frequently shortened to the Education Secretary) is the chief minister of the Department of Education in the UK government. The position was re-established on 12 May 2010. The Department for Education is responsible for education and children’s services.
Business Secretary: Vince Cable
The Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (formerly the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and previously Secretary of State for Trade and Industry) is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. Its secondary title is the President of the Board of Trade. The Secretary of State is responsible for the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (formerly the Department of Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and previously the Department of Trade and Industry).